Transactional Analysis (or TA as it is known) was developed by Dr Eric Berne in the 1950s. It is a theory of personality, child development and psychopathology. I have written more about TA here.
This approach focuses on helping us in coming to terms with life in all its complexity. Many of the problems that we struggle with are the natural consequence of the challenges and limitation of the human condition.
This approach embraces the work of all analytic therapies. In my clinical practice I draw on the work of Carl Jung, Alfred Adler and Melanie Klein. Whilst it shares the same core principles as psychoanalysis, psychodynamic therapy is far less intensive.
Gestalt theory was developed by Fritz and Laura Perls in New York in the 1950s. One of the theory’s basic assumptions is that we have an innate tendency to realise our potential, and become who we can be.
Attachment theory is the joint work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. In the 1960s Bowlby established the precedent that childhood development depended heavily upon the child’s opportunity to form a strong relationship with a primary caregiver.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy focuses on thoughts, beliefs and attitudes and how they affect our feelings and behaviour. The model combines cognitive therapy (examining the things we think) and behaviour therapy (examining the things we do).